Health Care & Medical

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Benefits of Genetic Testing The human body is very intricate. The human body is made up of millions of cells that contain the fundamental unit of humans’ identity called deoxyribonucleic acid or alternatively referred to as DNA. DNA is made up of genes which determine most of the unique characteristics of our bodies. The genes also play an important role in the health of the people. In the modern medical world, genetic research plays an important role. These tests are carried out on tissue samples or the blood of the subject. There are a lot of reasons why genetic testing is now crucial. A number of them are discussed below. The most common use of DNA testing is during paternity tests. For one reason or another a person may need to confirm whether a child is theirs or they might not be sure about the identity of their parents. Parents’ DNA structure has some similarities with that of their own kids. This is why some kids resemble their parents’ characteristics. Conducting a DNA test on the child and the parent can help confirm whether the child is their parent’s son or daughter. Genetic testing can help people find their long lost relatives. Information from DNA tests has also been used in legal battles for instance in child support suits. Another benefit of DNA testing is that it can help discover ailments which a person may be suffering from or at risk of suffering from. Many conditions and disorders have their origins in our genes. Some illnesses are passed down through genes from parents to their kids. A mutation in a person’s genes can also lead to growth of a disease. Genetic testing helps detect such anomalies within the persons genetics which helps detect, treat and prevent certain diseases.
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Physicians also use genetic testing when conducting tests on newborn and unborn babies. Despite the fact that there is a lot of controversy surrounding prenatal genetic tests, many physicians can agree it could really help in discovering and preventing illnesses that may affect children. This helps start treatment immediately the baby is born. Using newborn screening physicians are able to assess the risk of a particular disease in your child and identify health conditions that will probably be affected by genetics.
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DNA testing has also been used in the legal world when collecting and presenting evidence in court. DNA tests are ran on evidence collected in crime scenes such as blood and hair strands to find out the person who may have been involved. This has helped resolve a good deal of crimes by demonstrating the defendant was at the crime scene. It has also helped free people who may have been wrongfully convicted for crimes they did not commit.